The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul
The Kapali Carsisi (Ottoman قپالی چارشو, "covered market"), called in german "Großer Bazar " or "Großer gedeckter Basar", is a business district in the old district of Istanbul that is called Eminönü in the Beyazıt district.The Grand Bazaar covers over 31,000 square meters and includes about 4,000 stores with many different offers. It was built in the 15th century under Sultan Mehmet Fatih after conquering Constantinople. The center of the Eski Bedesten was originally planned as a treasury and today under these domes , there are the shops of gold and silver dealer today. As with most bazaar , the shops are separated in different sectors, which are often recognizable in the street name (for example, when Halıcı Sokağı, the carpet merchant street and caddesi in Sahaflar, the antiques dealer street) There are also silver shops, clothing stores and gift shops.
There are a lot of stands which sell "kitsch" but also valuable things as old carpets!
After business hours, the stores and all the entrances to the streets (with roof) are closed. (Laura Frank)
The name of the “Hagia Sofia” means “holy wisdom”. At the begining this museum was a catholic church but after Constantinople took the byzantin kingdom they converted it into a mosque now it is a museum.
The part of the Moslems:
Islamic legends of the Hagia Sophia:
Soon after Muhammad's death, the military began magnification of Islam. After the fall of Constantinople there was a persistent until today Islamic reception of Hagia Sophia. With especially large and impressive mosques, which were also designed as dome, Suleiman tried in the 16th Century the Emperor Justinian to tie designs. The result was in Constantinople, the first prototype of this design, the new Islamic Bayezid II Mosque.
2010, the right-wing nationalist splinter party called BBP by the Turkish government, they should Hagia Sophia at the end of the fasting month of Ramadan, the Muslim prayer to open.
This story has been handed down orally in several variants. The builders, depending on the variant narrative more or less spectacular taught that only the Prophet Muhammad lived in Arabia could accomplish such a domed structure with miraculous power. Therefore envoys are sent out to seek the Prophet Muhammad. Only Mohammed blessed sand or earth and water Meccan, the dome could bring to bear.
An Islamic legend claims that the Hagia Sophia stands on a square, the Israelite king Solomon had predicted in a prayer.
The part of the Christs:
The Christianity hasn’t got much about the Hagia Sophia because it was very late in the past. It has got something, but that isn’t so important. (Alisa & Markus)
Islam is a universal religion, the followers call themselves Muslims. The word Muslims means in Arabic devoted to god.
There are more than 1.5 milliard Muslims in the world. The holy book of the Muslims is the Koran. The Koran is written in Arabic and has more than 615 sides. You read the Koran from the right to the left side. Before you read you say: Bi smi llāhi r-rahmâni r-rahīm / بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم,that means in the name of Allah, the Erbarmers, the merciful.
99% of the inhabitants(residents) in Istanbul are Muslims.
Religious Muslims pray 5 times the day.
Men and women pray separated.
You can pray at home and in the mosque. Before the pray, Muslims makes a ritual ablution. Before the ritual ablution you say :euzu billahi mine sch eytanhi racim.bi-smi llāhi r-rahmâni r-rahīm / الرحيم بسم الله الرحمن بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم /‚that means : in the name of Allah, the Erbarmers, the merciful. The most important feasts are the Ramadan feast and the victim feast. The Creed is the Schahada:
Aschhadu a La ilaha illa ʾ llāh (u) wa-anna Muhammadan ashhadu rasūlu ʾ llāh (i): "I testify that there is no god except Allah , and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah and the prophet. (Mehmet & Jan)
The Egyptian bazaar (or the spice bazaar) is in Eminönü district of Istanbul. It is the second biggest spice bazaar in the world. The bazaar was furnishing in the 17th century. Spices have always been an important commodity on the trade routes between Asia and Europe. Inside of both sides of the bazaar, there are about 100 stores. Today you can also buy textiles, newspapers and electronic goods. Around the covered bazaar there are also restaurants and snack bars.
The Blue Mosque
The Sultan-Ahmet-Mosque in Istanbul is named after Sultan Ahmet Khan I. and it is one of the biggest mosques of the country. It was built from 1609 to 1616 by order of Sultan Ahmet Khan I. One year after the completion of the mosque he died. The architect was Mehmet Agha. The main reason to build this mosque was to be better than the mosque Hagia Sophia in every way. The mosque is located in the area Sultanahmed and it is the main mosque of Istanbul. It’s the main work of the Ottoman architecture and additionally one of the most important Islamic god houses in the world. The construction of the mosque: The Blue Mosque is named like the front. It’s covered with blue-white tiles, which are younger than the building. It has got 6 minarets, and everyone has 2-3 outside galleries. The only mosque which has more minarets than The Blue Mosque is the main mosque in Mekka with 9 minarets. When the mosque was built, the Sultan wanted that the minarets are gold-plated. But the architect knew that this investment would break his budget so he “misheard” it and made out of the Arabian word “gold” the word “six”. (Annika & Sarah D.)